The Tesla Roadster is a battery electric vehicle sports car produced by the electric car firm Tesla Motors in California between 2008 and 2012.
The Roadster was the first highway-capable all-electric vehicle in serial production for sale in the United States in the modern era. Since 2008 Tesla has sold more than 2,400 Roadsters in 31 countries through September 2012. Tesla began producing right-hand-drive Roadsters in early 2010. The Roadster has a base price of US$109,000 in the United States, GB£86,950 in the United Kingdom, A$191,888 in Australia, and €84,000 in continental Europe. As an electric vehicle, the Roadster also qualifies for several government incentives in many nations.
The Roadster is the first production automobile to use lithium-ion battery cells and the first production BEV (all-electric) to travel more than 200 miles (320 km) per charge. The world distance record of 501 km (311 mi) for a production electric car on a single charge was set by a Roadster on October 27, 2009, during the Global Green Challenge in outback Australia, in which it averaged a speed of 25 mph (40 km/h) In March 2010, a Tesla Roadster became the first electric vehicle to win the Monte Carlo Alternative Energy Rally and the first to win any Federation Internationale de l'Automobile-sanctioned championship when a Roadster driven by former Formula One driver Érik Comas beat 96 competitors for range, efficiency and performance in the three-day, nearly 1,000-kilometer (620 mi) challenge.
According to the U.S. EPA, the Roadster can travel 244 miles (393 km) on a single charge of its lithium-ion battery pack, and can accelerate from 0 to 60 mph (0 to 97 km/h) in 3.7 or 3.9 seconds depending on the model. The Roadster's efficiency, as of September 2008, was reported as 120 mpgge (2.0 L/100 km). It uses 135 Wh/km (21.7 kW•h/100 mi, 13.5 kW•h/100 km or 490 kJ/km) battery-to-wheel, and has an efficiency of 88% on average.